The Starlight Reserve concept was established in the UNESCO World Heritage Centre, Paris (October 2007), Astronomy and World Heritage. But the criteria were well determined in the International Seminar and Worldl Heritage(London) and at the World Heritage Committee (Quebec), 2008.
Moreover, Starlight as a whole is an integrated action of UNESCO and is supported by IAU and UNWTO, emerged from the IAC (https://www3.astronomicalheritage.net/index.php/resources/dark-skies-info)
A Starlight Reserve has several areas:
Core zone: This is where the conditions of natural illumination and night sky clarity are kept intact.
Buffer zone: The buffer zone is the protective area that surrounds the core zone in the face of possible adverse effects that may deteriorate the quality of the night sky. Buffer zones may include small human settlements and activity areas. A buffer zone or high-sensitivity zone is considered to be the entire nearby area with a direct view of the core zone, encompassing a safety contour in which it is ensured that the effects of light or air pollution do not affect the core zone.
External or general area: this is the area of general use where the population settlements that can influence the evolution of the quality of the night sky in the reserve as a whole.
An area may be excluded from the scope of Starlight certification if it does not meet the requirements. This area could be incorporated into the certified scope in subsequent reviews if it demonstrates improvement and compliance.
Fuerteventura Starlight Reserve
The requirements for a Starlight Reserve specifically address the features, peculiarities and functions of each space, which may relate to the preservation of the conditions for astronomical observation, the conservation of nature, the integrity of nocturnal landscapes or sites of cultural heritage.
The Starlight Reserve concept is accompanied in each case by a Participatory Action Plan and a set of recommendations aimed at preserving or restoring the quality of the night sky, taking into consideration the cultural, educational, scientific and environmental benefits.
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